Many people still do not know the difference between butter and margarine. Margarine was first invented in the 1800s when Emperor Napoleon III of France offered lucrative prizes to anyone who would create an almost exact substitute for butter that could be used by the poor and the armed forces. Even though it was a noble idea to substitute something for more expensive butter, today’s margarine requires additives like platinum, nickel, and aluminum; thus making it potentially hazardous. The process that creates solid margarine, known as hydrogenation, transforms the butter substitute into more of a plastic than an edible oil. Studies like this one from the National Center for Biotechnology Information have linked margarine to allergies in children as well as coronary heart diseases both in men and women.